politics

Ed Miliband pledges big pay rise for Britain’s poorest workers

Ed Miliband pledges big pay rise for Britain’s poorest workers

 

 

Labour leader says he would raise minimum wage to £8 by 2020 in move that ‘reveals core party values’

 

Ed Miliband

Labour would significantly boost the national minimum wage to more than £8 an hour during the next parliament, giving many of Britain’s lowest paid workers an increase of about £60 a week, Ed Miliband has announced.

The plan, revealed in an interview with the Observer on the eve of Labour’s annual conference in Manchester, would see the minimum wage climb by at least £1.50 an hour from £6.50 an hour (the rate from 1 October this year) by 2020. The substantial rise would throw down the gauntlet to the Conservative party on low pay, as Miliband prepares to fight next May’s general election on a platform of raising living standards for the less well-off.

Miliband says the rise, which would be implemented in stages by the Low Pay Commission in consultation with business, is part of Labour’s plan to ensure that hard-working people gain better rewards, and more of the proceeds of economic growth.

The flagship policy reflects Labour’s belief that the benefits of economic recovery have failed to cut through to significant swaths of the population and it will be accompanied by a commitment to promote the living wage through public procurement contracts.

One in five UK workers – more than five million people – are categorised as being on low pay, defined as wages of less than £7.71 an hour, or two-thirds of the hourly median wage of £11.56.

Under Labour’s proposals – a key plank of its manifesto for government – the minimum wage would increase from 54% to 58% of median earnings by 2020 and then 60% in the following parliament. Miliband said the announcement underlined his commitment to build an economy that rewards all hardworking people, not just the wealthiest at the top.

“It is about values,” Miliband says. “It is about saying that this country does not work for millions of working people and we are going to change it. It is not business as usual. It is a proper plan for your future.”

Asked whether he felt able to give any credit to the chancellor, George Osborne, and the coalition for restoring the economy to growth, Miliband refused to do so, saying that growth had stalled for three years, having been growing at the last election.

The coalition had also failed to prevent a dramatic fall in living standards, the Labour leader said.

“Their record is perhaps one of the worst ever in terms of the longest fall in living standards, wages falling, wages rising slower than prices – and this isn’t an accident. This is what a Tory economy is like,” he said.

By setting out a policy for the long term, Labour says businesses will have time to plan and adapt to boost productivity and support higher wages.

Miliband will argue that international evidence shows that countries can support minimum wages at this level with no adverse impact on employment.

The move would give this country a minimum wage similar to those in Australia and European Union countries such as Belgium and Germany, but would still be lower than in France and New Zealand.

Under the plan the Low Pay Commission will be given powers to advise the secretary of state for business, innovation and skills if, in the face of economic shocks, the goal cannot be met without risking jobs and economic growth.

Addressing Labour activists in Manchester on Saturday, Miliband set out plans to ensure the construction of 200,000 homes a year. Drawing on lessons from the success of the 2012 Olympics, where a specific site was identified and then developed on time and on budget, all communities will have similar powers at their disposal as part of an extended devolution to English local government and its city and county regions.

A network of “new homes corporations” will be accountable to their communities and will work closely with private sector partners and housing associations to deliver more ambitious home building projects.

Miliband said: “The last few months have been about keeping our country together. The next eight months are about how we change our country together. And we know that yearning for change is there right across our country. Constitutional change matters, but we know that something else matters even more: this country doesn’t work for most working people and we, the Labour party, are going to change it.”

A Conservative spokesman said: “This is just an empty promise from Ed Miliband. The last Labour government also promised to build over 200,000 homes a year – but in reality housebuilding collapsed to its lowest level since the 1920s. Labour left our housing market and economy on its knees – and would do it all over again.”

Do you know your social media rights?

Do you know your social media rights?

UK.Gov passes Instagram Act: All your pics belong to everyone now

socialphotos

Have you ever uploaded a photo to Facebook, Instagram or Flickr?

If so, you’ll probably want to read this, because the rules on who can exploit your work have now changed radically, overnight.

 Amateur and professional illustrators and photographers alike will find themselves ensnared by the changes, the result of lobbying by Silicon Valley and radical bureaucrats and academics. The changes are enacted in the sprawling Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act which received Royal Assent last week, and it marks a huge shift in power away from citizens and towards large US corporations.

How so? Previously, and in most of the world today, ownership of your creation is automatic, and legally considered to be an individual’s property. That’s enshrined in the Berne Convention and other international treaties, where it’s considered to be a basic human right. What this means in practice is that you can go after somebody who exploits it without your permission – even if pursuing them is cumbersome and expensive.

The UK coalition government’s new law reverses this human right. When last year Instagram attempted to do something similar, it met a furious backlash. But the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act has sailed through without most amateurs or semi-professionals even realising the consequences.

The Act contains changes to UK copyright law which permit the commercial exploitation of images where information identifying the owner is missing, so-called “orphan works”, by placing the work into what’s known as “extended collective licensing” schemes. Since most digital images on the internet today are orphans – the metadata is missing or has been stripped by a large organisation – millions of photographs and illustrations are swept into such schemes.

For the first time anywhere in the world, the Act will permit the widespread commercial exploitation of unidentified work – the user only needs to perform a “diligent search”. But since this is likely to come up with a blank, they can proceed with impunity. The Act states that a user of a work can act as if they are the owner of the work (which should be you) if they’re given permission to do so by the Secretary of State.

The Act also fails to prohibit sub-licensing, meaning that once somebody has your work, they can wholesale it. This gives the green light to a new content-scraping industry, an industry that doesn’t have to pay the originator a penny. Such is the consequence of “rebalancing copyright”, in reality.

What now?

Quite what happens next is not clear, because the Act is merely enabling legislation – the nitty gritty will come in the form of statutory instruments, to be tabled later in the year. Parliament has not voted down a statutory instrument since 1979, so the political process is probably now a formality.

In practice, you’ll have two stark choices to prevent being ripped off: remove your work from the internet entirely, or opt-out by registering it. And registration will be on a work-by-work basis.

“People can now use stuff without your permission,” explained photo rights campaigner Paul Ellis. “To stop that you have to register your work in a registry – but registering stuff is an activity that costs you time and money. So what was your property by default will only remain yours if you take active steps, and absorb the costs, if it is formally registered to you as the owner.”

And right now, Ellis says, there’s only one registry, PLUS. Photographers, including David Bailey, condemned the government for rushing through the legislation before other registries – such as the Copyright Hub – could sort themselves out.

“The mass of the public will never realise they’ve been robbed,” thinks Ellis. The radical free-our-information bureaucrats at the Intellectual Property Office had already attempted to smuggle orphan works rules through via the Digital Economy Act in 2010, but were rebuffed. Thanks to a Google-friendly Conservative-led administration, they’ve now triumphed.

Three other consequences appear possible.

One is a barrage of litigation from UK creators – and overseas owners who find their work Hoovered into extended collective licensing programs. International treaties allow a country to be ostracised and punished. The threat has already been made clear from US writers and photographers, who’ve promised “a firestorm“. Reciprocal royalty arrangements can also be suspended, on the basis of “if you steal our stuff, UK, we won’t pay you”. In addition, a judicial review, based on the premise that the Act gives Minister unconstitutional power over the disposal of private property, is not out of the question.

Secondly, the disappearance of useful material from the internet is likely to accelerate – the exact opposite of what supporters wish for. We recently highlighted the case of an aerial photographer who’s moving work outside the UK, and we’ve heard of several who are taking their photos away from the web, and into lockers. The internet is poorer without a diverse creative economy – because creators need legal certainty of property rights.

And finally, there’s the macroeconomic consequences for the UK economy.

The notorious ‘Google Review’ chaired by Ian Hargreaves failed to undertake adequate impact assessments, a giveaway that even the most rabid “copyright reformers” recognise there isn’t an economic case to be made for taking everyone’s stuff and giving it away.

“There’s value in works, and if anybody can exploit them except the person who creates them, then value is transferred to the exploiter,” explains Ellis. “This is a massive value transfer out of the UK economy to US tech companies.”

Where it will remain, he thinks, because UK tech/media companies – should they appear – almost invariably become US-owned.

Copyright “reformers” of course rarely like to talk about such unpleasant matters – and will steer the conversation away from economic consequences as rapidly as possible. Indeed, the they generally talk using Orwellian euphemisms – like “liberalising” or “rebalancing” copyright. It’s rarely presented as an individual’s ability to go to market being removed. This is what “copyright reform” looks like in practice.

“It’s corporate capitalism,” says Ellis. “Ideally you want to empower individuals to trade, and keep the proceeds of their trade. The UK has just lost that.”

So while the Twitterati and intelligentsia were ranting away about “Big Content”, we’ve just lost the ability to sell our own content. In other words, you’ve just been royally fucked.

Source : The Register

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